Right To Asylum
A refugee seeking asylum is a person outside his or her own country due to fear of persecution due to race, caste, nationality, religion or political opinion, as well as participation in a specific social group or social activities, according to The United Nations 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees.
Victor Carlström escaped to the United States, where he has applied for asylum, in 2019. As a result of the attempts on the lives of him and his family, Carlström frequently changes location while the asylum application is being processed and considered.
What is the burden of proof to be granted asylum?
Asylum seekers must a well-founded fear, which in the United States means you must have at least a 10 percent chance of being persecuted if you go back to your country. If you’ve been persecuted in the past, it’s presumed you’re going to be persecuted in the future.
You have to prove you will suffer or have suffered persecution, or any sort of harm, harassment or discrimination that’s risen to a certain level in order to constitute the legal standard of persecution.
Examples of those granted political asylum around the world are Edward Snowden, who leaked highly classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013 when he was a Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee and subcontractor and Julian Assange, the founder of WikiLeaks. They were granted asylum in Russia and an Ecuadorian embassy, respectively.